Membrane structures, unlike conventional building systems such as reinforced concrete, masonry, steel and wood, whose bearing strength is provided by their rigidity
• whose weight is negligible,
The carrier system only takes tensile strength
They are building systems created by using textile covers and / or cables completely or partially.
Basically, membrane material is a special type of fabric obtained by weaving fibers, which are the main carrier elements of membrane systems. The fibers are brought together by various methods and made into weaving yarn. During the weaving process, the threads in the warp direction are stretched and the threads in the warp (weft / fill) direction are passed through (below and above) the threads in the weft direction. Fibers used in membrane structures; nylon, polyester, glass.
Since the membrane cover is open to external factors, a chemical coating is applied to the material to protect the fibers from external factors and to provide water / air tightness to the fabric. Sometimes, an additional coating is applied on the main coating to increase the resistance of the cover against ultraviolet and other external influences as well as its self-cleaning surface feature.
Surface coatings; It is PVC (PolyVinylChloride), PTFE (PolyTetraFluoroeThylenE), silicone.